Hunter-gatherer settlement models and the archaeological record

a test case from the Upper Susquehanna Valley of New York
  • 355 Pages
  • 2.65 MB
Hunting and gathering societies -- Susquehanna River Valley., Indians of North America -- Susquehanna River Valley., Excavations (Archaeology) -- Susquehanna River Va
StatementNina M. Versaggi.
SeriesPh. D. theses (State University of New York at Binghamton) -- no. 934
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 355 leaves :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22176092M

Although ethnographic settlement patterns can be shown to be the product of the regional ecology, archaeological models must go further and account for changes through time. The difficulty lies in interpreting the archaeological record in terms of short-term fluctuations to environmental events as seen from the perspective of individual hunter.

This book should become a valuable aid Jochim compares the model with the archaeological record. Although the pro- settlement analysis, whether hunter-gatherer or agricultural.

Details Hunter-gatherer settlement models and the archaeological record FB2

It is a significant contri- bution to the literature. Palaeoeconomy: Author: Van A. Reidhead. Hunter-Gatherer Archaeology as Historical Process seeks to blur the divisions between prehistory and history, between primitive and modern, and between hunter-gatherers and people in other societies.

Because it offers alternatives to the dominant discourse and contributes to the agenda of hunter-gatherer research, this book will be of interest. This book provides a definitive overview of hunter-gatherer historiography, from the earliest anthropological writings through to the present day.

What can early visions of the hunter-gatherer tell us about the societies that generated them. How do diverse national traditions, such as American, Russian and Japanese, manifest themselves in hunter-gatherer research.

The study of hunter-gatherer mobility operates at the intersection of archaeology and social anthropology, with much information to be gained from both individual ethnographies and syntheses that extract recurrent relationships between the mobility pattern and, for example, the subsistence base.

These models can be informed by integrating regional integrations of archaeological research (e.g., ReevesCooperHeitzmannKornfeld et al.first person journal accounts.

Description Hunter-gatherer settlement models and the archaeological record FB2

Bryan C. Hood is Professor in Archaeology at UiT- the Arctic University of Norway, with a focus on hunter-gatherer settlement and social organization in the circumpolar region.

In addition to northern Norway, he has worked in the Arctic/Subarctic transition zone of northeastern Canada (Labrador), Greenland, Baffin Island and the Kola Peninsula.

: Modelling Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Patterns: An Australian Case Study (BAR International Series) (): Pickering, Michael: Books.

Chronology and Materials in Plateau Archaeology 1. A Culture Historic Synthesis and Changes in Human Mobility, Sedentism, Subsistence, Settlement, and Population on the Canadian Plateau, – BP ~ Mike K.

Rousseau 2. Materials and Contexts for a Culture History of the Columbia Plateau ~ William Andrefsky Jr.

e.g., state formation and hunter-gatherer foraging strategies. The major problems inherent in this theoretical stance include disregarding the preferences and actions of individuals in favor of the group, lack of consideration of factors which influence or cause cultural change, limitations of the archaeological record in terms of its.

Settlement Pattern Archaeological Record Settlement Type D. H.,Contemporary Hunter-Gatherer Archaeology in America, in American Archaeology: Past and Future (D. Meltzer, D. Fowler, Optimal Location in Settlement Space: A Model for Describing Location Strategies, American Antiquity – CrossRef Google Scholar.

Jochim cuts through the normal profusion of obscurity to construct a model of hunter gatherer subsistence and settlement patterns based on a variety of ethnographic and ethnohistoric sources to construct a simple nomothetic, mathematical model for understanding the subject s: 3.

MODEL Twenty years ago, Lewis Binford published an article that revolutionized the study of hunter-gatherer settlement and land use. The article, Willow Smoke and Dogs’ Tails: Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems and Archaeological Site formation (Binford ), made the simple but elegant argument that sea sonal or short-term hunter-gatherer.

Recent evidence indicates that a wide range of environmental sectors of Greater Australia had been peopled between ca. 30, and ca. 40, B.P. Differences in regional Pleistocene patterns of settlement, subsistence, and demography are becoming increasingly evident—such as those between central arid Australia and sub-Antarctic Tasmania.

It now remains to model and explain the extremely. Hunter-gatherer archaeology is the archaeological field of study that deals with hunter-gatherers, which are societies that procure most of their food from hunting, gathering, and fishing.

Hunter-gatherer societies are constrained by their environment and the technologies available to them. However, until now the role of culture in foraging communities has not been widely considered. 'Structured Worlds' examines the role of cosmology, values, and perceptions in the archaeological histories of hunter-fisher-gatherers.

Evolutionary change in hunter-gatherer settlement systems. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum (modern) human: landscape socialisation in the Palaeolithic and consequences for the archaeological record. A comparison of niche construction theory and diet breadth models as explanatory frameworks for the initial domestication of plants.

Human settlement has often centered around coastal areas and waterways. Until recently, however, archaeologists believed that marine economies did not develop until the end of the Pleistocene, when the archaeological record begins to have evidence of marine life as part of the human diet.

This has. This volume deals with the pressing issue of uncertainty in archaeological modeling. Detecting where and when uncertainty is introduced to the modeling process is critical, as are strategies for minimizing, reconciling, or accommodating such uncertainty.

Included chapters provide unique. Cite this Record. Hunter-gatherer subsistence and settlement: a predictive model. M A Jochim. New York: Academic Press. (tDAR id: ). The book also elucidates the man-land relationships, ensuing subsistence strategies, settlement types present in the archaeological record, settlement systems, and sociopolitical behavior.

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The text will be significant to archaeologists, paleoecologists, and anthropologists interested in hunter-gatherers and late Pleistocene adaptations. A major new survey of the prehistoric hunter-gatherer societies of Europe, this book reviews the newest information and interpretations for scientific research.

Palaeolithic studies are at an exciting point of transition. The explosion in ethno-archaeological studies has fundamentally challenged our models and interpretations amongst all classes of data and at all spatial scales of analysis.

In archaeology, this boundary problem involves the definitions of types and patterns: artifact types and settlement patterns, for example, rest upon theoretical and empirical considerations concerning behavior, material culture, and their expression in the archaeological record.

Archaeological Sample. The sample analyzed here consists of temporally diagnostic artifacts from archaeological sites representing eight prehistoric New World settlement systems and three distinct arid environments (Figs (Figs1 1 and and2, 2, []).Each system represents an unequivocal hunter-gatherer economy marked by economic dependence on wild resources and high degree of residential.

The database is focused on the archaeological record of the southernmost portion of South America: from 51°S until Cape Horn (55°S), involving inland and coastal environments.

The study area includes in the continent, the Austral Magellan Basin, the Andean area, the Pacific and Atlantic Coasts and the Patagonian Steppe (figure 1). LEWIS R. BINFORD AND AMBER L. JOHNSON The organizers of this volume have brought together authors who have worked on local sequences, much as traditional archaeologists tended to do, however, with the modern goal of addressing evolutionary change in hunter-gatherer.

This book covers a variety of topics, including cult archeology, cultural evolution, models of hunter–gatherer adaptation, and archeobotany.

Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the general cultural significance of cult archeology, from their political and economic aspect to their symbolic meanings.

The southeastern United States has one of the richest records of early human settlement of any area of North America. This book provides the first state-by-state summary of Paleoindian and Early Archaic research from the region, together with an appraisal of models developed to interpret the data.

Hunter-gatherer subsistence-settlement strategies are discussed in terms of differing organizational components, "mapping-on" and "logistics," and the consequences of each for archaeological intersite variability are discussed.

It is further suggested that the differing strategies are responsive to different security problems presented by the environments in which hunter-gatherers live.

To develop a broad perspective on the economy and social organization of hunter-gatherer peoples. To develop ability to identify important analytical strategies for researching the archaeological record of hunter-gatherers.

To develop the ability to recognize archaeological signatures of past hunter-gatherer behavior. The Neolithic Revolution, or the (First) Agricultural Revolution, was the wide-scale transition of many human cultures during the Neolithic period from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, making an increasingly large population possible.

These settled communities permitted humans to observe and experiment with plants to learn how they grew and developed. Junko Habu illustrates recent developments in the archaeology of the Jomon period (ci BC) of Japan and presents new analyses. Unlike most prehistoric pottery using peoples, the Jomon people are thought to have been hunter-gatherers.

Evidence of plant cultivation does exist, but none of the cultigens recovered from Jomon sites seems to have been used as a staple food resource.5/5(1).Cite this Record. Building Nearest Neighbor Models of Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems Using Four Case Studies for the Northwest Coast of North America.

James Brown, Galen Miller-Atkins. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. (tDAR id: ).